Variations of the lunar calendar, based on the phases of the moon were used in Mesopotamia, Greece, Rome, India, and China for centuries.Almost every aspect of traditional Korean life was also based on the lunar calendar. Koreans divided each year into twelve months, beginning with the winter solstice. Twenty-four solar subdivisions (cholgi) corresponded to the days on which the sun entered the first and fifteenth degrees of the twelve zodiacal signs.Koreans traditionally used an almanac to divine the workings of the universe and nature. The almanac also served as a guide for changes in the seasons and corresponding customs and practices. The following is a brief introduction to the twenty four seasonal subdivisions which traditional Koreans used as indices in their daily lives. While the Gregorian calendar is the official calendar today, the lunar calendar and the almanac based on it are still influential in rural Korea.
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#traditional Korean life #lunar calendar #Twenty-four solar subdivisions #almanac #Gregorian calendar #rural Korea